The Senate failed to advance a bill Monday that would have banned abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy and would threaten providers who performed the procedure with up to five years in prison.
The restrictions would not apply in cases of rape or incest, or when abortion is considered necessary to save the life of the mother.
The Senate needed 60 votes to end debate on the legislation. The final tally was 51-46.
The bill was passed by the House in October and Republicans in the Senate had hoped to put Democratic colleagues who hail from red states on the record with the controversial vote.
“This afternoon, every one of us will go on the record on this issue,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said Monday afternoon.
Three Democrats voted with Republicans in support of the bill: Sens. Joe Manchin, Bob Casey, and Joe Donnelly. Manchin and Donnelly are both up for re-election this year and they both represent states that voted for President Donald Trump, so they ran the risk of alienating anti-abortion constituents.
Republican Sens. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, and Susan Collins, R-Maine, joined with Democrats voting “no.”